What nationality: Quest definition

In Soviet aesthetics and philosophy of history there is such a term as a nation. This is not an unambiguous word that needs clarification and definition. The fact that a nation and a developed understanding of the term in academia, are discussed below.
What nationality: Quest definition
The first mention
It is the first time the term “nation” was taken in the letter P. Vyazemsky, which he wrote while in Warsaw, Alexander Turgenev. The yard was then 1819. Since then, the debate about what a nation, not abated. First of all, this applies to history but also strongly affected literature and other areas of human activity and science. In 1832 there is the famous formula of “Orthodoxy, Autocracy, Nationality”. It happened with a light hand Uvarov, who admitted that interest in us word one of the main categories of philosophy.

Socialist realism
As an ideological concept, both endowed with aesthetic features, the term entered into the formula of socialist realism. It sounded like this: “ideology, party affiliation, nationality.” But this was much later, and this we will say below. In general As for the mid-nineteenth century thinkers attempted to answer the question of what a nation, determination often found in national categories. Thus, the concept of “nation” and “nationality” is often seen as synonymous and interchangeable.
What nationality: Quest definition
Polish tradition
But apart from the above, there were other interpretations both within Russia and abroad. So, tune Polish narodowo’s’c term was used in two ideological values. The first was designed in the spirit of the Enlightenment and involved oblychchyastist nation-state. The second was associated more with romanticism and included the concept oblychchyastosti people culture.

Russian alternative
In Russia too there, though rare, alternative answers to the question: “What is a nation?” For example, the term can be understood as the embodiment of the common people, as oblychchyastist people from the lower classes, in contrast to the nobility and intellectuals educated in mainstream Western culture.
Further development to the revolution
Gradually, the definition of what nationality, was more nationalistic and even take shovynystskuyu color. If the mid-nineteenth century and later this term could still be understood as determining original culture without reference to nationality, in the years immediately preceding the coup of 1917, under the influence of positivism use of the word has been deprecated and backwardness . And in the mind it is more closely identified with nationalist ideas.

The Soviet period
What nation in the history of the Soviet Union, can not say for sure, because the meaning of the word several times radically transformed the Soviet ideology. Originally from it completely disown would like vestige of monarchism. The term has become topical again after 1934, when the Bolsheviks XVII Congress was declared the end of the class struggle and the category of “class” gave a more general – “Soviet people”. Accordingly, instead klasovosti began to talk about nationality. By the end of the 30s the word firmly established in Soviet life and became so powerful ideological meaning that any attempt to deny or reject it perceived as anti-Soviet activity. On the other hand, there was no clear definition, allowing specify that a nationality. In literature, for example, noted among other things that writers such as Pushkin and Tolstoy, “made people” and it was an expression of nationality. Someone said that writers express their nationality contrary klasovosti. Still others believed that this word lies a fundamental democracy. Again sounded notes of determination of nationalism. For example, to find out what the nations and nationalities, trying G. Pospelov. He wrote that this term should be understood as “objective national progressive content.” Another version of the definition is based on an attempt to nationality and identification of partisanship. But more and after Stalin, the clearer it becomes awareness in the USSR is its national identity in relation to nationality.

What nationality: Quest definition
Russia in the post-Soviet period
Category nation was perceived and thinkers of the post-Soviet period. But, as in Soviet times, among them there is no unanimity. On the one hand, the nation tied with Orthodoxy, trying to revive the values of the famous formula, wanting to restore the monarchy. On the other – the nation is closely linked to national identity, holding between them the equal sign. These two trends are similar in one, namely that they postulate advantage of society, the staff of oblychchyastistyu over individuality. This relic is equally as Soviet and imperial order, and to this day it is neyzzhytym.
What nationality: Quest definition
N. Lysenko was felt that a more objective explanation of what the nation will be given in the future, as the term is certainly remain as mental category and part of the future, which only begins to form the ideology of the state. Today, in his opinion, can and should be limited to only highly conditional and vague definition of nationality as obscherusskosty. Still, mainstream is intuitive relationship nationalities, in which collectivist “we” prevails over the individual “I”.